Al-Duhaa <p style="text-align: justify;">The Journal of “Al-Duhaa” is a multi-disciplinary endeavor dedicated to the scholarly study of various aspects of Islam and the Islamic world. Special attention is paid to works dealing with Islamic Philosophy, mysticism, interfaith dialogue and Islamic culture and civilization. The journal seeks to place Islam and its traditions in the light of spirituality and rationality with its pragmatic and tremendous values and to encourage comprehensive consideration of in many facets: to provide a forum for the study of Islam with special academic inquiry and in global context; to promote interaction among academics from multiple traditions of learning and exchange and discussion of research findings.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">“Al-Duhaa” will provide a vehicle to help academics, researchers, policy makers to educate, influence and share information to learn from each other’s work as well as to provide a research forum to explore new solutions to new rising problems.</p> Al Ramzan Trust en-US Al-Duhaa 2710-0812 Objectification of Women: Islamic Insight <p>Islam as a religion of peace ensures provision of equal rights to all the humans irrespective of their gender. Women not only enjoy the liberty of life within the parameters of values as laid by the Quran and Sunnah but at the same time, they also own the right of self-respect, esteem and treatment as humans. Treating women as mere objects for sex, or as mere “other” which devoid them of their due rights is strictly prohibited in Islam. The paper in hand highlights that how objectification of women is condemned by Islamic theology with special reference to Martha Nussbaum’s theory of Objectification being applied on Daniyal Mueenuddin’s Short Story, Saleema. However, it is pertinent to mention that the paper only concerns feudal cultures and thus, it is not a representative of the entire Pakistani society.</p> Khwaja Muhammad Bilal Sethi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0167 Indian Muslim Theologians’ Response to British Colonization of India and Introduction of Modernization: A Study of Deoband School of Thought <p>During the nineteenth century, the Muslims of India suffered from severe political decline, as the Mughal Empire was abolished in the wake of Great Revolt 1857. The British started a process of modernization of institutions as well as that of social setup. The Muslim theologians realizing it a serious threat to their religio-cultural values and norms resisted it through militant struggle, setting up educational institutions, making political parties and participating in democratic process, and forming missionary and reformist organizations. This paper explores and evaluates the contribution of the Muslim theologians who founded Darul Ulum Deoband movement and advocated for the orthodox religious educations by adhering to the religious and educational philosophy of Shah Wali Allah. It attempts at evaluating the socio-political circumstance of South Asia which became the rationale of this movement and identifies the major historical landmarks of this movement during the British Raj in India. It examines the factors which helped Deoband school of thought emerge to be one of the dominant sect of Islam. The paper however argues that although the Deoband theologians were severe critics of British imperialism and its initiatives towards modernization of Indian society and culture, yet they adopted British bureaucratic setup for the educational advancements, and gradually got convinced to be the part of democratic process demonstrate the political strength of South Asian Muslims. The methodology employed in the discourse is descriptive, analytical, and normative.</p> Muhammad Naveed Akhtar dr nasir ali kahan asia mukhtar Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0161 وقف کے بعض عصری مسائل سے استحسان کی تطبیقات کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p>Istihsan distinguishes issues from their perspective based on a specific argument. An argument that demands a shift from one order to another requires justice. With this concept, Istihsan is not a matter of dispute. However, in the case of a disagreement among scholars, the mujtahid has to apply Istihsan to something known and reasonable based on his intellect following its basic rules such as the compliment should be for Shariah and should not oppose it and the person making the compliment should be well familiar with Shariah.</p> <p>The primary issue is to sort out that it is permissible to research the applications of Istihsan from some contemporary issues of Istihsan. This article is aimed to present a study of some of the current issues of Istihsan in which the argument of praise is effective and hold a difference among the leading and the last scholars. Along with the introduction, conditions, and types of Istihsan, the article discusses the influence of two forms of Istihsan in contemporary issues.</p> <p>The first is the Istihsan of secret conjecture instead of assumption, and the second is the Istihsan for any expediency. Istihsan is similar to a sale in which it is not permissible to set a time. However, the secret implication is that the endowment's purpose is to benefit those suspended.</p> <p>The research made proves the significance and the broader exposure of Islamic laws. Moreover, it invites the learners to indulge in this aspect of Sharia laws and brings out a beneficial study for the Muslim Ummah.</p> Dr. Muhammad Atiq Ur Rahman Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0158 استخدام العمل بمبدأ الاحتياط في مسائل البيوع والوكالة: دراسة فقهية تحليلة مقارنة <p>All the Jurists school of thoughts accept the principal of precaution. But there are many examples in Islamic jurisprudence that show when some jurists used this principle in some matters, so other jurists left this principle in the same applications. So the question is that which are the examples on base of precaution principal according to Ḥanī Jurists in the chapter of Al- baywūʿ and in the chapter of Al-wakālah? And the second question is that have the other jurists adopted this principle or they left it in the same application? There are third question is that if they did not adopt this principal in these application, so what are their arguments against precaution principal in these application? As for this paper it describes some applications on the base of precaution principal in the chapter of Al-baywūʿ and in the chapter of Al-wakālah adopting comparative, analytical And Jurisprudence methodology. So it describes other jurist’s opinions who left this principal in these applications. Furthermore, it makes comparison in these two opposites opinions in these applications to find the true positions of this principal in Islamic jurisprudence. It concludes that there three examples on the base of precaution principal. It also concludes that the some other jurists left this principal in these applications, but this paper finds that the adaptation of precaution principal in these applications is correct according to Sharīʿah point of view. So after studying this paper we will be able to us this principal in contemporary jurisprudence matters after knowing its true shape in Islamic jurisprudence.</p> Israr KHan Usama Ahmed Ahmed Abdullah Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0155 Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān in Western Academic Writings: A Case Study of Andrew Rippin <p>The contemporary western Qur’ānic scholarship is flourishing swiftly with the manifestation of diverse and multifaceted approaches. At present, the western averments of studying the Quran with objectivity and impartiality cannot be overlooked. Yet, despite this, many contemporary scholars. Muslims and non-Muslims link the western tradition with the norms of oriental scholarship.</p> <p>The present article endeavors to trace whether the contemporary western scholarship approaches the Quran with the pure academic and neutral spirit that separates it from the epistemological hierarchy or it still follows the polemical theological agenda. For this purpose, the work of a renowned contemporary western scholar Andrew Rippin is selected on the theme of the foreign vocabulary of the Qur’ān.</p> <p>The critical analytical approach is selected to investigate his work. Rippin has contributed thoroughly to exploring the classical Muslims’ dealing with the subject while adding his etymological source theories.</p> <p>However, it is concluded that despite a few variances perpetuated by Rippin, the gross foundation does not go beyond the demarcation set by his predecessor Arthur Jeffery in the field of the foreign vocabulary of the Qur’ān that indicates a lack of academic approach.</p> Iffat Batool Dr. Taimia Sabiha Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0146 An Analysis of Sufi`s attitude towards Tolerance in the light of Kashf al Mahjob <p>Tolerance is a beautiful way of life. As a basic principle of Islam, its teachings are evident in the Qur'an and Sunnah. It is the process of fostering virtues in society such as mutual love, peace, and fraternity. Any peaceful society must possess these characteristics. This excellent practice of tolerance is found in the teachings and practices of the Sufis. Hazrat Ali Hajwary is one of the pioneers of Sufism. He pushed mankind to acquire the traits of righteousness, piety, repentance, justice, patience, and perseverance, unity, gentleness, and harmony on the one side, and avoid immorality and oppression on the other, in his work "Kashf al-Mahjoob." He also taught us to live in a tolerant manner, avoiding evil tendencies like dictatorship and provocation. Because of the rising incidences of injustice, misguidance, and oppression in today's world, it is the need of time to promote tolerance to develop a peaceful ideal society based on Islamic principles. Using descriptive and analytical research methodologies, this essay tries to demonstrate the need for the value of tolerance in light of "Kashf al-Mahjoob" and its impact on society. May Allah accept our endeavor and make it beneficial to the Ummah. Amen.</p> Muhammad Sohail Ghulam Yaseen Muhammad Bilal Bilal Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0135 Homosexuality and its Interventions (Intersectional, liberal, biological, Religious) <p>Homosexuality is not just a matter of personal feelings. It has an impact on human individualism, behaviour, family system and public health. The structure of the human community and its norms has been affected. Early from history, the sexual orientation of developing children had been directed by the parental, cultural and religious nourishment.</p> <p>In this article, we placed out four important interventions on homosexuality. These are intersection, liberalism, biology, and religion. The intersectional analysis put light on the inclination of impetus and expression of the act of which the latter is placed at the stake of critique. The comparison of freedom of expression of human psychosocial behaviours is under talk in liberal analysis. We alert the nation, especially the young people and their parents on the biological and psychological health dangers inherent in adopting a lesbian, gay, queer, bisexual, or transgender identity. The rulings of religions including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam vary from escape path to following the divine commandants that are obvious in restriction of expression of homoeroticism.</p> Omer Farooq Saeed Muhammad Zain Abbas Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0127 The Western Contradictory Behavior and Inter-Religions Dialogues <p>Nobody denies the importance of Pluralism, Tolerance and inter-religions dialogues. These dialogues provide a suitable platform to the human beings to move ahead in this world. Everybody dislikes hatred, enmity, murder, looting, war and terrorism. Because these elements would be ruined the society very quickly. Every religion gives the message of sympathy, passion of kindness, patience and Tolerance. And these things are basics of every religion although more or less. Western thinkers also in the favor of these dialogues but sometimes their behavior is against to their statements. Then question arises to examine their contradictory behavior and furthermore to highlight contemporary statements of western thinkers with solution and this is the main point of the research. If we talk about the human being, he is a social animal, and he cannot survive alone and also he is bound to keep in relation with different kinds of peoples. For his survival, he is bound to develop inter-religions dialogues and the relationship to others without the discriminating of color, race cast or sect. So, this paper answers it by explaining the actual problem in the way of inter-religions dialogues.</p> Moazzam Ali Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0109 زمان و مکان کے متنوع چیلنجز کے تناظر میں اولوالعزم انبیاء کرام کے مناہج ِ دعوت میں تنوع کا جائزہ <p>It is the religious obligation of every Muslim to spread the message of Islam. In doing so, the preacher has to face different forms of individual or collective resistance. In contemporary era, hurdles which make the process of Da'wah (preaching of Islam) difficult are sectarian discrimination, nationalism, liberalism and extremism, division in the name of class, social status and ideology. Moreover, contradiction between sayings and actions, absence of fear of Almighty Allah in people’s minds, love for worldly wealth, lack of proper education, distances between religious scholars and rest of the masses, so called religious decrees and sarcasm against each other, preachers void of wit and wisdom, evasion from administrative and state affairs and political intervention in preaching process (Da'wah) worsening the nature of challenges we have already been facing. This research work is actually the course of disseminating the message of DEEN (Islam), holy prophets were the entities who suffered the most. They faced resistance from their own home to the battle ground and from chieftains to kings. The main objective of conducting this research study is to bring the Da'wah strategies of foremost Prophets into the limelight, how they faced troubles and hardships and conveyed the message of Towheed to the people. This study is qualitative in nature based upon both primary and secondary sources, Quran, Ahadith, Seerah and research paper published in various journals.s Evil forces used different tactics like teasing, killing and forced exile to stop the holy mission of the prophets. But the prophets staunchly kept on advocating their sacred mission of calling the masses to the right path, displaying a great deal of endurance and determination. They adopted practical, miraculous, organizational, political, social, constitutional and combating strategies to achieve the consecrated goal.</p> Saddam Hussain Saad Jaffar Jaffar Muhammad Imran Raza Tahavi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0164 HONORED AND EMPOWERED WOMEN: AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE <p>The under representation of women in senior management positions is well recognized globally and locally. Research on the factors affecting women’s career progression has been proceeding continuously over the years and there is a significant literature regarding this issue. Different studies focus on similar factors held responsible for women’s lack of progress to senior positions across nations and societies. In the Islamic perspective there is a perception that Islam does not allow Muslim women to participate in different activities. Is does so? Based on the literature review this paper provides a brief account of the position of Muslim women from a religious perspective based on original and authentic sources in Islam. This aims to provide an analysis of the teachings of Islam regarding the role of women in society. We have come to the Conclusion in this article that during the life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) women were engaged in Islamic and economic activities and Islam has honored and empowered women in all spheres of life. This paper also provides examples of remarkable Muslim women leaders of that time and since.</p> Dr. Bushra Inayat Raja Waqas Ali Haider Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0160 عہد نبوی میں غیرآباد زمینوں کی تقسیم اور آباد کاری، موجودہ مسائل کی روشنی میں خصوصی مطالعہ <p>Resettlement of uninhabited or uncultivated lands means utilizing the land resources of the state which are not being used for any purpose. Such lands should be made cultivable or used for a purpose which is in the best interest of the state or the people.</p> <p>Modern approaches about better use of land resources are emerging in modern times. The question arises as to what instructions Islam has given regarding the settlement of lands?</p> <p>The principles and rules derived from the biography of the Prophet (S.A.W.) are important among the guidelines of Islam regarding the better use of lands in the sense that it was the best and purest form of Islamic teachings. The present research contains numerous articles on Islamic teachings on better use of land, but no special study of Sirah has been presented. This study presents a special study of Sira on the above subject.</p> <p>This study concludes that special measures were taken for resettlement of uninhabited lands during the Prophet's time. In view of the public needs, these lands were utilized for the betterment of the society.</p> Muhammad Abubakar Siddique Abubakar Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0156 غیر مسلموں کے جنازے میں شرکت اور تعزیت سے متعلق شرعی حکم <p>The teaching of Islam are not limited to any religion, race, time, conditions etc. And the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was sent as Marcy for all the creations. While living in plural societies one has to interact with people having various religious and cultured backgrounds. Islam not only gives very clear instructions for such interactions but all these valuable commandments were also personified in Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The basic research question of this study is that how Quran, Hadith and the opinions of four schools of thought in the wake of conditions and circumstances of the modern day world guide Muslims in terms of participating in funerals of Non- Muslims and offering condolence to them. The methodology adopted to address the above mentioned question is that Quran, Hadith and the viewpoints of four Imams were taken into consideration respectively. Lastly various methods of condolence have also been highlighted. The research concludes on the findings that Muslims can offer condolence to Non-Muslims as this will work as a very effective message of Islam in the wake of modern day issues in terms of the relationship of Muslim and Non-Muslims. However Muslims are not allowed to participate in any rituals of Non-Muslims.</p> Bushra Bibi Junaid Akbar Dr. Abdul Muhimin Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0153 امام ابن ابی شیبہ ؒ کے نزدیک تحمل وا دائے حدیث کی اصطلاحات کا جائزہ <p>Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah belongs to the 2nd/3rd century AH. He attained a high position in the science of ḥadīth. He not only taught Ḥadīth but also preserved it in writing for the ūmmah in various forms..In the Ḥadith the terms of Taḥmmul O Ādīy ḥadīth are very wide and universal. The authenticity and weakness of the ḥadīths of the Prophetﷺcan be well assessed in the light of There are eight (8) words of Taḥmmul O Ādīy ḥadīth among the narrators, all of which are mentioned in the writings of Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah. These include the terms "اخبرنا" and "حدثنا". Which are the highest in the level of tolerance and payment. In Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah’s collections of ḥadīth, he has used the most phrases. In addition, the terms “سماع, قرأت, کتابت, مناولت ,اجازت,اعلام,وجادت” are also present in the books of Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah. In this article, a research review has been presented in the light of the books of Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah by presenting the methods of the terms of Taḥmmul O Ādīy ḥadīth in this paper with evidences and precedents.And According to Imām Ibn Abī Shaibah, what are the terms of Taḥmmul O Ādīy ḥadīth and what is their nature? In this research article According to Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah, the terms of Taḥmmul O Ādīy ḥadīth has been reviewed in an analytical and inferential view.</p> IRFAN KHAN Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayub Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0136 IMPACT OF ISLAMIC MYSTICISM ON WORK BEHAVIORS: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY <p>Every business venture seeks to improve its profits by increasing its productivity. Employees play an important role in enhancing the performance of their workplaces by displaying positive work attitudes. The focus on employee happiness for greater productivity in Western literature has received tremendous attention over the past few decades. However, it is important that they ignore the religious context of employees' happiness. Islam is a comprehensive way of life that guides its followers in all circumstances.</p> <p>What is impact of Islamic mysticism on work behaviors of employees?</p> <p>The narrative and analytical method of research is used to find out the impact of spiritual values of Islam on work people. To understand the effects of Islamic spirituality on employees' work attitudes, a standardized analysis of Western management and Islamic literature is presented.</p> <p>Islamic spiritual practices provide the basis for creating a holistic work environment to enhance worker performance. Adherence to Islamic spiritual values ​​reflects the worker's commitment and dedication to work. The results of the study are helpful for future research on the topic and provide guidelines for policy makers, especially organizational management experts.</p> Dr. Amir Hayat Dr. Sumera Rabia Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0129 بدھ مت کے اخلاقیات میں اخلاقی جہات ِ ثمانیہ ( آریہ ستیہ) اور اسلامی متقابل اخلاقی تعلیمات : ایک تحقیقی جائزہ <p>This article provides a comparative overview of the specific moral aspects of the two religions "Islam and Buddhism". In which, an attempt has been made to prove this, Why wars and conflict are connected to religions? Why peaceful and ethical teaching of religions are hidden from lay community? For this, I adopted comparative study and critical temperament has been used to a lesser extent in order to gain access to the distinct moral teachings from the literature of other atheists and to pave the way for the followers of different religions to expand. Where other problems and difficulties surround religions, the issues that stand in the way of religions, they present to you how religion leads to decline, the following issues:</p> <p>Science, Atheism, Social Interaction, Philosophy of Religions, Feminism Movements, Sectarianism/Inter sects, Secularism, Inter Marriages. These are some of the things that hinder the progress of religion. Therefore, the religious people are requested, not to ignore the above mentioned issues but to look at them and teach religious teachings and at the same time take care of them as there is a lack of ethics and work in all areas, adhering to moral teachings.</p> Mian Mujahid Shah Sadat Zakir ullah zakir Irfan ullah Irfan Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Duhaa 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 01 10.51665/al-duhaa.003.01.0126