Every system has Every system has some key principles on which it adheres and expresses its distinct identity and provides special results. It differs from other educational systems. This article discusses the philosophy of knowledge in the light of Islamic thought. It also deals with the sources, perspectives and objectives of knowledge as well as the practical status of experience and thinking. Its aims and methods of training and then comparing them with modern education is the main objective. A comparative review of the above topics is presented in the light of the descriptions of John Dewey, a well-known scholar and the founder of Modern Education has aptly clarified the scope of logic in social, material and spiritual sciences. What are the differences and similarities between modern education and Islamic ideology of education and that teaching in Islamic perspective. Modern teaching methods of modern education can be used. A comparison between the fundamentals of modern education and the fundamentals of Islamic theory of education has been clarified and the Islamic view of teaching of basic sciences and social sciences in modern times has been clarified. The philosophy of modern education is based on humanism and seeks to promote it in societies. Therefore, the Islamic ideology of education is not compatible with modern education in any way. Due to this fundamental difference, many phenomena will become different.
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