The Objectives of Shari’ah actually start from the time of Prophet Hood but like other sciences its terms came into existence later. Similar to other sciences, the Objectives of Shari’ah also went through evolutionary stages and became an art form. Objectives of Shari’ah refer to the knowledge in which the objectives and wisdom of the rules of Shari’ah are discussed. Shari’ah Objectives was recognized as a branch of the principles of Jurisprudence (Usool ul Fiqh) and gradually succeeded in attracting the attention of scholars, and became a separate type of knowledge. Imam Juveni, Imam Ghazali, Imam Razi, Imam Azz bin Abus Salam, Qurafi, Ibn-e-Taymiyyah, Ibn-e-Qayyim and Imam Shatibi (May Allah have murcy on them) are the masters of this knowledge. Later Shah Waliullah and Allama Ibn-e-Ashur also became famous for this art. Now basic question of this research article is how the Objectives of Shari’ah became a permanent knowledge and which scholars offered their services for it. The essayist describes the evolutionary stages and gives an overview of the work done in relation to the Objectives of Shari’ah in every age. Thus the distinctive sciences of the leading scholars of Shari’ah have been stated separately. This article, in addition to its evolutionary stages provides the conclusion that all the precepts of Islam are connected with a balanced system. And nothing is against common sense in this and every command contains a stable wisdom but our access to real wisdom is sometime possible and sometimes not possible.
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